Pique Knit, often simply referred to as “pique,” is a type of weaving technique used primarily in the production of textiles, particularly for garments like polo shirts and other casual wear. The term “pique” originates from the French word meaning “quilted” or “raised,” which aptly describes the distinctive texture of fabrics produced using this method.

Pique knit fabric is characterized by its unique construction, featuring a raised geometric pattern or texture created by weaving together parallel cords or “wales” in a honeycomb-like structure. This weaving technique results in a fabric with a textured surface, often with a slightly ribbed or waffled appearance.

There are two main types of pique knit:

  1. Single Pique: In single pique knit, the raised pattern is created on just one side of the fabric, typically the face side. This type of pique is commonly used for polo shirts and other casual garments where the textured surface adds visual interest and enhances the overall aesthetic.
  2. Double Pique: Double pique knit features the raised pattern on both sides of the fabric, creating a thicker and more substantial material. Double pique is often used for heavier garments or those requiring additional structure and durability.

Pique knit fabric offers several advantages, including:

  • Breathability: The raised texture of pique knit creates small air pockets within the fabric, allowing for increased airflow and breathability. This makes pique garments comfortable to wear, particularly in warmer climates or during physical activity.
  • Durability: Pique knit fabric is known for its durability and resilience, making it well-suited for casual wear and sportswear that may undergo frequent washing and wear.
  • Wrinkle Resistance: The textured surface of pique fabric helps to disguise wrinkles and creases, making garments made from this material relatively low-maintenance and easy to care for.
  • Versatility: Pique knit fabric is versatile and can be used for a variety of garments beyond polo shirts, including dresses, skirts, shorts, and even accessories like bags and hats.

Overall, pique knit is valued for its distinctive texture, breathability, and durability, making it a popular choice for a wide range of apparel and accessories.